The tiger, an animal of solitary life

Tiger is the common name of the largest member of the Felidae family. He lives in Asia and belongs to the same genus as the lion, some leopards and the jaguar. The species is divided into eight subspecies, of which the most widely distributed are the Siberian tiger or Siberian or Manchurian tiger, and the Bengal tiger. The tiger is thought to have originated in North Asia during the Pleistocene (see Quaternary) and later spread southward, traversing the Himalayas about 10,000 years ago.
The Siberian tiger is very rare; It is between 1.4 and 2.8 m long, not including the tail, which ranges from 69 to 95 centimeters. It weighs between 180 and 360 kilograms. The body is covered by a characteristic coat, yellow with dark bands, which is paler in winter; It is a dense and long coat (45 to 65 mm depending on the area of ​​the body). The Bengal tiger is smaller than the previous one; It is about 3 m long, including the tail, and usually weighs between 180 and 258 kilograms. He lives in Southeast Asia and in central and southern India. The coat is smoother than that of the Siberian tiger, the color is more intense and the bands are almost black. The subspecies that lives on the island of Sumatra is even smaller and darker.
The tiger is an animal of solitary life; females and males only come together during the breeding season; then it is easy to observe them sharing a prey, drinking together or resting in areas near the water. After a gestation of between 98 and 108 days, the female gives birth to a litter of 1 to 6 puppies (usually 2 to 4) weighing 1.1 kg, who remain with the mother until their second year of age. Tigers have a varied diet: they eat deer (their favorite prey), cattle, frogs, fish, or carrion. The Bengal tiger’s habitat includes forests, herbaceous plains and swampy areas, always in dense vegetation, which explains its solitary habits compared to those of the lion, another great felid with predatory and feeding behavior very similar to that of the tiger, but which lives on open land. Tiger hunting races are also shorter due to habitat. The tiger hunting area ranges between 65 and 80 km2, being greater in males than in females; Although they are not clearly defended territories, males tend to be aggressive towards other passing males that cross their vital area. All subspecies are considered threatened due to habitat loss and poaching; Keep in mind that his ability to kill human beings has made him an enemy of the natives in many of his distribution areas. The longevity of the tiger in the wild reaches up to 20 years. Although they are not clearly defended territories, males tend to be aggressive towards other passing males that cross their vital area. All subspecies are considered threatened due to habitat loss and poaching; Keep in mind that his ability to kill human beings has made him an enemy of the natives in many of his distribution areas. The longevity of the tiger in the wild reaches up to 20 years. Although they are not clearly defended territories, males tend to be aggressive towards other passing males that cross their vital area. All subspecies are considered threatened due to habitat loss and poaching; Keep in mind that his ability to kill human beings has made him an enemy of the natives in many of his distribution areas. The longevity of the tiger in the wild reaches up to 20 years.
Scientific classification: tigers belong to the Felidae family, within the order of Carnivores. The Siberian tiger is scientifically named Panthera tigris altaica and the Bengal tiger is classified as Panthera tigris tigris. The rest of the subspecies are the Chinese tiger, Panthera tigris amoyensis; the Indochinese tiger, Panthera tigris corbetti; the Sumatran tiger, Panthera tigris sumatrae; the Caspian tiger, Panthera tigris virgata; the Java tiger, Panthera tigris probeica; and the Bali tiger, Panthera tigris balica. The last three subspecies are currently extinct.
Tigers in action:
The tigers hunt alone and take advantage of the dense vegetation to sneak up on the animals they are going to capture. When a tiger is about 10 m away from a prey, it runs at high speed to capture it. When he reaches her, he bites her in the neck until he kills her. Adults often live alone, but young tigers live with their mother and siblings. In games with their siblings, tigers go through fights that help them prepare for when they are adults.
Tigers are threatened with extinction across Asia by the black market in trafficking in their organs, highly prized in the region’s traditional medicines, and by deforestation and population growth, which have reduced their habitat and the ability to capture prey. Efforts to recover tiger populations include conserving water, soil, and vegetation, which equally benefits the entire ecosystem.

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